EUR/USD. Spotlight on China and Brexit

The economic calendar of the foreign exchange market is nearly empty today. Nevertheless, the most important release of the day caused quite a strong resonance among traders. We are talking about the publication of data on the state of China's foreign trade.

The importance of this indicator is due to the general concern of investors about the slowdown in the world economy. Any facts that somehow confirm this concern have a strong impact on the dynamics of trading – both in the currency and stock market. Today's figures once again reminded the market of the consequences of the trade war, which is still ongoing, despite the intention of the parties to conclude a broad deal.

On the one hand, the surplus of Chinese foreign trade was at an impressive level – the December figure came out at 57.1 billion dollars, reaching a three-year high. Immediately after the publication, the market was optimistic about these figures. But the structure of this release is frankly disappointed, as the performance of imports and exports showed weak dynamics, continuing the trend of slowdown. Thus, according to China's General Administration of Customs, exports from the country (in dollar terms) fell by 4.4% year-on-year. Imports fell more significantly-immediately by 7.6% year-on-year. In other words, Chinese exports and imports in the last month of last year showed the sharpest decline in two years.


According to experts, the lion's share of Chinese imports is imported into the country not for final consumption, but for further production of goods. That is, a significant decrease in imports is a wake-up call, which indicates the upcoming slowdown in the Chinese economy as a whole. According to preliminary data, last year the Chinese economy grew by only 6.6% - this is the lowest rate in the last 19 years. Naturally, such weak results of the second world economy in nominal GDP will provoke a "domino effect". In particular, at the end of last year, the head of Apple sharply reduced the forecast for revenue for the first quarter of 2019 – by 8 percent, that is, from 91 to 84 billion dollars. It is noteworthy that Apple has revised downward quite a fresh forecast: the target of 91 billion was set just two months ago. According to Tim Cook, the negative dynamics associated with the slowdown of the Chinese economy and the "tough" policy of the Federal Reserve.

The situation with Apple is just one example, which is the most recent and revealing. If the economic momentum of the PRC continues to lose its strength, such situations will be repeated more often, not to mention the slowdown of the commodity market with all the ensuing consequences.

A broad trade deal between the US and China could change this state of affairs – at least in the long run. But the parties are in no hurry to disclose the details of the latest negotiations, although the officials promised to publish them "in the near future". More than a week has passed since then, but the cart is still there. The very fact of such silence suggests certain thoughts, the essence of which is reduced to the presence of unresolved problems between Washington and Beijing. And although all this is still speculation, the overall situation in the market remains uncertain.

The EUR/USD pair also cannot determine the vector of its movement. The dollar index drifted at the base of 95 points, and the European currency is under pressure from the uncertain prospects of Brexit and negative data on the growth of industrial production in the eurozone. The indicator came out much worse than expected: year-on-year at – 3.3% (with a forecast of -2.2%), and month-on-month at –1.7% (with a growth forecast of 0.3%). In France, this figure subsided due to long-term protests of "yellow vests" in Germany – because of problems in the automotive industry, and a general decline in the entire industry was recorded in Italy.


Conflicting fundamental picture does not allow EURUSD to demonstrate a strong momentum, so traders have to bargain in a flat in anticipation of a strong infopovod. It is obvious that Brexit, or rather today's discussion of this issue in the British Parliament, will become such an occasion.

At the moment, it is known that the European Union has sent a written appeal to London, which assures the British that the subsequent negotiations in the transition period will avoid the use of the backstop mechanism. In the evening, during Theresa May's speech to the Parliament, we will learn the details of this letter, and so far the market is in limbo – and regarding the prospects of the "divorce process", and regarding the prospects of the US-Chinese trade conflict.


On the technical side, the EUR/USD bulls need to gain a foothold above 1.1530 to demonstrate their advantage. In this case, the Ichimoku Kinko Hyo indicator on the daily chart will form a bullish "Parade of lines" signal , increasing the probability of price growth to the borders of the 16th figure. If the general interest in the risk fades, the pair may already return to the average line of the Bollinger Bands indicator on D1, that is, to the level of 1.1410. A break of this level will send the pair to the lower boundary of the Kumo cloud, that is, to the level of 1.1350.

The material has been provided by InstaForex Company -